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Underground Metal Special: Peru

Underground Metal Special: Peru

by Luxi Lahtinen

Peru has one of the most well-known and prolific underground metal scenes in South America, but for many it's still distant and obscure. Many metalheads know Mortem or Anal Vomit, but that's about it as far as the Peruvian underground metal scene is concerned.

To get more insight into the Peruvian underground metal scene, we contacted many Peruvian metal musicians and gave them a chance to introduce their bands and tell us how they became musicians, what their biggest achievements have been, and other things as well.

The Metal Crypt sincerely thanks everyone who contributed to this underground metal scene special of Peru.

When you decided to form/join this band, what were your goals and what did you want to achieve?

Gonzalo (PHALARYS): We wanted to create a metal subgenre of our own. It may sound stupid but that was the idea. Since the beginning we hated the idea of making covers. We were looking to make the sound better by building harmonies and using rhythmic patterns and time signatures that are unusual in the local metal scene. It would be pretentious of us to say that we invented something, but no one can deny that we came up with an original sound, between black metal, death metal and even coming close to progressive metal.

Paul Apollyon (NON SERVIAM): The band was formed in the year 2004, influenced by bands who were on the path of both death and black metal. The main intention from the beginning was to play metal of death in the old and traditional way, with blasphemous lyrics.

Eduardo Saravia (TERATOS): Hello all! I'm Eduardo Saravia, drummer of the band Teratosfrom Lima, Perú. The band was formed in 2003. I think the fact I had already left twobands made me form Teratos, with the help of the vocalist and guitarist.

Personally, I have continued to work harder and harder to become a better musician and try to guarantee that our songs get better and better in the future. Our goal from day one was to get our band positioned firmly in the Peruvian metal scene. I don't know if we have achieved that yet or not, but if not, we will definitely continue working hard to get that status for ourselves in our homeland's metal scene.

Víctor Calvo (PURPLE AQP): My band is a personal project started in 2019. Among the goals I had when I started the band were to make the history of my ancestors and my countryknown, as well as to record my own music and make it known.

El Sucio (HYENA): When I joined Hyena I had a vision, or a goal to take things a step beyond with the project. I had some experience in previous bands so this time I had a very clear vision about what I wanted to achieve. Focusing on the songwriting, being very active recording and touring, and connecting with people at our shows.

Martin Revoredo (SPECTRAL SOULS): Spectral Souls was born at the beginning of 2019 inLima, Peru, with Martin Revoredo on guitars and vocals, David Suchero Drums, Adrian delAguila on Bass and Manuel Rodriguez on guitars. From the beginning the main idea was towork within the death metal genre, and put Peruvian extreme metal on the map because herewe have very good bands but not many are known around the world, especially in the European and American scenes. We now have a deal with Hammerheart Records from the Netherlands, which is a very good start showing Peruvian metal to the world!

Hans Castro (MESSIER): Hello my name is Hans Castro and for now I am managing theMessier band. As for your question, my initial goal that I'd like to achieve is to continueplaying metal and more than anything focusing my time and energies on the progressivemetal genre.

Now I am the soloist of the band and I have four digital albums out that can all be found on some of the most well-known music platforms such as Spotify, YouTube—among others.

As for the first album that I was a part of, it was a re-recording of an old album from 1993,which I re-recorded and mastered, and Felipe Quineche participated on vocals as a guest. Allthe other albums I have done are instrumental, except Setenta y dos Sellos (2016), whichalso has my vocals on some of the songs.

Paco Rojas (DEMENCIA): Manuel (drums) and I (bass), formed the band in 1993. At first we dedicated ourselves to making songs that would define our sound which has evolved over time, and that I think is our main achievement as a band. What we wanted to play was a mixture of thrash and death metal, grindcore and hardcore, which are the genres we like the most. We just play the music we like and sing about our way of seeing reality and what we think. We never thought we would last so long as a band and to have been able to know much of the country through playing shows.

Lucho Sanchez (BLIZZARD HUNTER): Obviously yes. Personally, I want to transcend with the music that I love, which is heavy metal, although I know that I probably will not earn a penny in this country. But I want to play this music with my brothers, travel around as many places as we can and record many albums until our deaths.

Israel Beltran (ICONS OF BLASPHEMY): Well, before Icons of Blasphemy I was already working with my own band called Eternal Exhumation. COVID arrived and put us in quarantine and that's when we were tested for shows and rehearsals. Due to the extra time I had on my hands because of COVID, I wrote some songs and realized they represented more of the classic death metal style than what I had usually done and thought why not just form a new band to see where it goes. Everything turned out to be very spontaneous due to the forced confinement I think, haha!

Inhuman (CROWN OF WORMS): I was under 20 years old and had a need for an artistic outlet to keep expanding my pool of influences and inner energy at the time. I think that was the main drive behind my role but at the same time at the beginning of the 2000s, when the band was formed, there was a common search for technical achievement (musically speaking) and cleanliness among the bands formed by our contemporaries around here. I think all of us in Crown of Worms were kind of disgusted by or against that and wanted to produce a more traditional, raw, and straightforward, while also infused by the mix of our personal influences, kind of music.

Bloodless (CROWN OF WORMS): Yes, I wanted to conquer the world. Everything seemed possible at 20. Then, you start to understand how a band works, how to compose music, how to keep your instruments and chops in shape and how to actually produce a record. Then you get more focused. Your goal becomes creating the finest possible record but at the beginning, it was just cool to be in a band. That was a fantasy world. An escape.

Now, at 40, I see music as a fine craft. You take more time for details. You know more. That's a responsibility. Also, you understand that you ignore a lot so, it's wise to become more careful with your observation/relationship with music. You get fascinated with the conjuncture in which the beloved albums you collect were made and the influences that appear in them as well as the creativity used to make them.

Ernesto Angel (APOSTOL VENGADOR): Greetings, my name is Ernesto Angel, leader of the Apostol Avenger band. I decided to form the band at the end of 2009.

If I had any objectives, it was to be able to record something for posterity. As a friend said to me, you have a demo, so you exist in terms of a band. What I wanted with my band was to go on stage and perform with the fury and power of the live sound and for everyone to have a great time listening to my songs.

Christian Cueva (AGGRESSION): When Aggression was formed in 2014, our main goal was to get position ourselves on the national scene as a new alternative in thrash death metal. For this reason, only months later we presented our first EP with our first four songs which we presented at festivals to get the word out.

That was our first achievement, which allowed us to work more calmly on our first official album that would see the light of day a couple of years later.

Willy "Sarcastic" Salas (FOSA COMÚN): When the band was formed in September 1991, we had the morbid initiative to make a brutal, sick and dark death metal, composing songs that were full of energy and aggressiveness. We wanted to let everyone know that in our city there was an underground circuit that listened to and played extreme and wild metal, so our initial goal was to record a demo and spread it everywhere. In August 1993, we recorded our debut demo tape, Blasfema Iniciación, which contains an intro and three songs ("Infierno Terrenal," "Fosa Común," and "Legión del Mal") with a morbid, sick and occult style of Sudaca death metal. Fosa Común has spread its debut demo tape Blasfema Iniciación through letters and exchanges all over the world, appearing in many fanzines in Europe and America, in addition to local and regional presentations, reaching even in La Paz, Bolivia.

B. Maiestas D. (ARCADA): We were really young. I was still at school when I discovered black metal and as soon as I was immersed in this genre, I searched for Peruvian bands which had the same sound and values. My disappointment was huge as I wasn't satisfied with almost any project from here. Don't get me wrong, we have really good bands with satanic lyrics such as Goat Semen, Mortem, and Anal Vomit but they had a considerable amount of death metal in their compositions, and we all know that you need more than Satan in the lyrics to be considered black metal. I consider this band blackened death metal basically. I was looking for something colder with another type of approach similar to my concept of how the black metal genre should be. Unfortunately, the bands who had a similar perspective weren't to my taste (for example, Sondor, Illapa, Nahual, Grave Desecration). I could only identify with Belzec and Levifer. In the case of Belzec, they had a lot of drug problems back in the day and it was really hard to catch them live. Levifer was already split up when I discovered them.

Because of this, I wanted to create a pure Black Metal band here in Lima, which would be active and wouldn't hide behind the chacal tag (chacal is a way to describe a lo-fi sound more inclined to brutality like the Brazilian '80s sound or Colombia's ultra-metal). I thought we had to be disciplined and stay true to our influences. I had a strong interest in '90s-00s bands from Finland, France, Norway and Germany mainly, so that may be the source of attitude, aesthetics and lyrics we had in mind. When I was getting into metal, I was constantly searching for active contemporary bands from other countries which have already explored the genre and other related topics, such as the occultism, traditionalism or the darkest part of the human mind. For example, bands such as Inferno, Cult of Fire, Akhlys, etc. Obviously, we were not as conscious of what we were doing at the time as it might seem by the way I'm describing it, but we were really focused on being the best black metal band from Peru and we haven't stopped since 2012 when I was in my last year of school.

Gustavo Fernández Zaferson (FALLEN SYMMETRY): When the band started, I was aiming to play my own music, record my own material, and play our music live as much as we could. I just wanted that so bad. In that kind of process, you learn to reshape your craft, set your own conditions, and realize bigger dreams, but at the very beginning, it was always about the music. It still is by the way, it just has more shades of grey, but it's still all about the love of this kind of music.

Gonzalo Diaz (BESTIARIUS): I formed the band with Diego Chavez (bass). He had two demos and asked me to rehearse at his house. That happened at the end of 2018. Then I called Andres Ramos to take over the lead guitar. Our goal was to make the darkest death metal with influences from the Swedish and South American scenes and get our vision to take shape in music. We didn't and don't want to be popular, it's just expression and venting.

Juan "Thanatos" Carlos (INCLEMENTOR): The founding member, Lord Thanatos, started a black doom metal band called Tenebris Filii around 1998-99 and which lasted until 2001. For the reasons of musical ideology, the band was not continued.

It was resumed as an experiment, covering metal songs, but it didn't work out and the band decided to change the musical style completely, at first making songs with brutal death and gore influences and finally performing a melodic death/doom metal, a style that all members have a great fascination with.

2013 was the official year we started out as a new band, taking the name of Inclementor, which is an anagram of the Latin phrase "In clemens mendicum torn," meaning "[to treat] the weak-minded mercilessly."

The main goal was to express the feelings of hopelessness and desolation that Lord Thanatos constantly felt, the kind of feeling that everyone can experience in real life. After consolidating a stable lineup, the next step was to record the first EP, which was finished in 2018 and then launched on social networks and streaming pages.

The current goals and objectives have not changed with respect to the expression of feelings of all members. All the musical work we have done so far, we are hoping it will reach more people in this world.

Infernaz Necronomicon (SEXORCIST): The idea of forming Sexorcist is from 1998-99. The motivation to do it was and will be the devastating passion that I feel for extreme and dark metal to this day. I think the greatest satisfaction was releasing the music that I composed and to go out to play and publicize the conceptual art that the band has taken as its own label.

Juan "Pus" Flores (GORE): Gore was formed after I left my other band Anal Vomit in 1998. The style of the band could be described as extreme death metal and so far, we have a 2-track live promo (2004) and our debut album Necrotic Feast (2005) released. We have also shared stages with some international bands such as Napalm Death, Cannibal Corpse, Vomitory, Pestilence, Obituary and Massacre (US). At the moment, I need some contacts with concert organizers to tour with the band.

Juan "Leviathan" Pablo (MAZE OF TERROR): With my band Maze of Terror, it has always been our goal to create the most brutal thrash metal possible. The most important thing and what drives everything else is the creation of albums. Our goal is to leave a large musical catalogue and have it be well known.

Giovani Hoyos-Corrales (OXIDO): I joined the band Oxido in approximately 2016, and produced the band's first album (Oxido I), released in 2018. The initial goal was to have the debut album launched from the band because they had had some difficulties over the years. I have to mention Oxido is the first hard metal band in Peru, started out in the mid-80s, so they are considered the true pioneers of their own genre. The goal is to keep producing more material as well as releasing the debut album on vinyl at some point.

Another band that I may be helping in the production and is also a very important group in the Peruvian metal scene, is a band called Almas inmortales (Immortal Souls in English), formed in the late '80s. In fact, both bands luckily share one of the best guitar players in Peru, a guy named Mr. Javier Mosquera Lenti. Anyways, we are hoping to be able to keep producing more material in the near future.

Jay (OLD CULT): Old Cult was born in 2014, some years after Calvarium (in which I was the vocalist) disbanded. I've always been devoted to traditional '90s black metal, and this passion for it didn't die with Calvarium, so I decided to start something on my own with the only intention of keeping this fire burning until my last breath, only this time it's an accurate balance between first and second wave of black metal, you know traditional black metal with old-school punk, rock 'n' metal, here and there.

My only goal has been to play and produce the music I'm passionate about, contribute to the worldwide scene, and at the same time communicate what is on my mind. Not to mention that part of my purpose became a reference for the local scene which somehow has barely endured the time.

Guillermo "Buho" Guevara Hurtado (DEICIDIOS): I was 18 years old and at the beginning of 1988 we decided to form Deicidios, a band in which we can shout, exercise and face the nightmare that we had to live. My city is Ayacucho (Dead Corner in Spanish), and it was here that an armed movement began in May 1980 and lasted until almost the year 2000. Those years were very bloody with many deaths, disappearances, blood and hatred. It was under this scenario that we decided to form a band. You can imagine that the environment was bleak at that time but for us it was metal music and the band that gave us the needed inner energy to carry on. Those times made us face the terror, adversity and so on but it gave us this fucking desire to live. The band and metal music in general gave us attitude, nonconformity, and an insane desire to be heard.

Manuel Perqan (CONTUMACY): I decided to form Contumacy in 1990 with the idea of spreading Peruvian underground death metal. Things in the past were totally different; now we want to keep the same underground feeling of the old days without a commercial sound.

Gustavo Garcia Godos (ESTIGMA): Well, I started Estigma with some university friends circa 1991. In the beginning we just wanted to play covers of our favorite bands (Testament, Sepultura, Napalm Death, Metallica, Slayer, etc.) but then I pushed them to write original songs and, of course, we did and in 1992 we played our first gig with two of our own songs. We almost split up then. From 1993 to 1996, we had many changes in the band, but finally we recorded an EP in 1997 called Bloodstained God with six new songs. We dreamt about being the next Sepultura. We worked hard as we could, playing many gigs, traveling to Chile and releasing our EP as a CD with three live bonus tracks. We also filmed a video for the song "Hatredland" and sent it to MTV Headbangers Ball Latin America, but the video was not played because of quality issues. Now we just want to make music and play live.

Luis Chumpitaz (BLACK HEAVEN): I formed the band in 2002 with a heavy/speed-oriented style initially which changed over time (our debut album is thrash metal and the second album we are recording at the moment is more oriented to melodic death metal). Our goal was to record an LP (which happened in 2015), since we had composed about seven songs and maybe at some point go on tour outside of Peru.

Roberto Carlos (DISINTER): Initially I wanted to imitate what my favorite bands did, and little by little I added my own ideology and experiences. I have been setting new goals for myself, but always seek to better express my inner darkness and pride for my country.

Yawarx (MIDNIGHT SACRIFICE): The band was formed around December 2019 with Lobo Kaufman on drums, and Yawarx on guitars, then Evil Fukker (Morbosatan, Goat Semen) joined as session vocalist and we recorded a demo, We Are the Bastards of Rock in 2020 and we have a full-length soon to be released in 2023. We will share more information on our social media. Our main objective is to record the type of music we like, simple as that, and to have it available in digital and physical formats. All our material is published on social media where you can find us as Midnight Sacrifice.

Hector Ilizarbe Sulca (HAMADRÍA): My name is Héctor Fernando Ilizarbe and I am the drummer and founder of the Hamadría band.

Hamadria is 15 years old and we have two releases out on all digital platforms so far. Our debut album is called Reina azul, released in 2018, and the second outing is titled Sesión en vivo, released in 2020. Our goal from the very beginning was always to make our own music and make records. The next objective is becoming more internationally known, and we are working on achieve that at some point in the future.

Giancarlo Melgar (EARTHWOMB): Earthwomb was conceived in 2017 with Eduardo Yalán (guitar) as a project planned to have a limited circulation of our material among our closest circle of friends, but after including Pedro Zamalloa (guitar) to develop the production of our material, the project would grow conceptually, which prompted us to outline from another perspective the sound and visual aesthetics of our releases. After finishing our first EP Becoming Immanence, we decided to distribute it through various platforms and reach a much wider audience.

Personally, the creation of this project was primarily driven by a need to explore this particular genre, because for several years and along with Eduardo Yalan and Pedro Zamalloa, we had the opportunity to play in bands associated with genres or subgenres related to death metal. But something that became recurrent when we were writing was the inclusion of signature elements from the black metal genre and Earthwomb is our way of experimenting with the darkness and atmosphere that the genre provides with a wider range. Creating music is also a good excuse to share time and ideas with good friends. In short, our goal is bound to the construction of our own sound, which is then projected in other artistic mediums as well.

Dr. Gonzales (NARKAN): When we started Narkan, we just wanted to play extreme music with a bit of humor and make good albums. Now we are rehearsing new songs for an EP (or a split) to be released later this year.

Jorge Revoredo (LADRÓN DEL FUEGO): My name is Jorge Revoredo, founder, composer, producer and bassist of Ladrón del Fuego. First of all, thank you for this interview.

Ladrón del Fuego didn't start as a band, but as an uncertain personal initiative to somehow release an album, consisting of a selection of themes composed between 2008 and 2012. When in 2013 the project was beginning to take form as kind of a solid plan, some existing musical goals and some of a different kind were defined.

The intent was always to maintain melody-based compositions (mostly from the pentatonic scale), with a vintage heavy metal sound, minimal production effects (except for a dramatic bell in one song. There would be no additional tracks on the album mix other than the intended live lineup performers and three harmonizing guitar lines. That's why everything had to be written as scores. Also, we wanted to strictly utilize the Spanish language for lyrics.

Some other goals were to reach a wider audience, not only vintage heavy metal headbangers, but nonmetal listeners as well. Through baroque-inspired counterpoint arrangements, the idea was to try proposing a more complex, technical and challenging music, in order to actively counter the recent pop mainstream tendency of poor composition and truly mass pseudo music.

Once the album was released, which was in December 2021, another goal was to perform live, and gradually became known locally, but always aiming high and the international scene. One step at a time.

Of course, I also wished for fame and fortune as well (*LOL*), but if that doesn't happen it won't keep me awake at night. Sharing the music was the point. Earning money was just a luxury.

Carlos Sacra (LEGION SACRA): I have been playing metal since 1990 in bands from my city Arequipa. When I formed Legion Sacra in 2002, I thought it was the end of the road for me, but fortunately it was the beginning of a new phase in my musical life. In 20 years, the band has released three albums and two EPs.

The Covenant of Shadows (GHOUL): Ghoul emerged from the black miasma back in the year MMXVI when we three entities who shared the same ideas and decided to materialize our poisonous visions through our music. That is our main goal.

Within Ghoul there is a triumvirate that act and work as one, taking "The Covenant of Shadows" as a pseudonym through an oath.

Paul "Apollyon Xul" (MEGATHERION): The band was started in the middle of the year 2013 to play extreme sounds from the underground path, immersed into the old path of South American bands, i.e., wild sounds for metal maniacs.

Omar Leon (BLACK LION): When I started this project, the main idea was to make music of our own kind and express what we felt inside. When the project was getting more serious, the goal was to release our first album and contribute to the scene of Peru. After a lot of work, we eventually released our first album, Inhumano, which is available on all virtual platforms and we even released it physically, thanks to the Goh label.

Pedro "El barbas" Vásquez (HELLCROSS): My first objective when forming the band was clearly a creative and expressive objective. Later, I saw interesting options such as recording an album, or several, and being part of rock and metal festivals in Peru and abroad.

Nestor Insano (INTESTINAL LACERATION): Intestinal Laceration was formed in 2009, the year I joined the band as guitarist. Years before, the band had other names like AD Terrorem and Necrotriturador. Always obsessed by the extreme, we wanted to do brutal death metal from the beginning because we are passionate about the genre and it is part of our lifestyle. The main goal of the band was to produce music in a serious and professional way and to dedicate ourselves to composing, practicing, and rehearsing hard. In all this time, we have always persevered and focused on getting into the recording studio so we could spread our music and reach all brutal death metal lovers globally. This is how we first recorded our first EP Species of Putrid Minds, which was released by Coyote Records (Russia) in 2015, and with it we also premiered our first video clip.

Giovanni Lama (EPILEPSIA): When we formed this band, I was 17 or 18 years old, and the guitarist who asked me to form the band with him was 21 years old. He told me, "I'm not interested in being friends, I want to record a demo, a CD, I want to do things that stay, I don't want a band to go drink liquor and be around bragging about nothing." When he told me that, I was impressed, and I accepted. It was exactly what I wanted to do. We were very clear that we had to have a recording so we could introduce ourselves to the world, and from then on record as much as we could.

How popular is metal music with its subgenres in your country today compared to 10-15 years ago? Can you find metalheads walking on the streets among so-called "regular people", wearing shirts from Maiden to Cannibal Corpse to Dark Funeral, etc.?

El Sucio (HYENA): Peru is a country where other genres of music such as salsa, cumbia, reggaetón and vernacular music are the most popular. We are not even a rock music country, so metal is really underground. Otherwise, you can always see people on the streets with long hair, black t-shirts with rock or metal bands designs, but it's not that common.

Eduardo Saravia (TERATOS): It has changed a lot. The metal subgenres have given impetus to new legions of followers. I think that this was all about to happen because many bands are looking for an individual style that makes them recognizable in the underground metal scene, which is nice, of course!

When it comes to metalheads on our streets, I think you don't see many of them. In fact, it's very rare to come across one unless it's a concert or a meeting of friends in the streets, but no, they are nearly nowhere to be seen otherwise.

Víctor Calvo (PURPLE AQP): Popular music in my country includes mostly Latin and folk rhythms, leaving 7% to metal. But in recent years, seeing people wearing metal band t-shirts walking down the street has become more common.

Martin Revoredo (SPECTRAL SOULS): We have a small scene but a lot of bands and all of them pretty much wave the flag for the underground as it has always been. Obviously, the quality level of the bands has increased with time, but then again, we are not a metal country. I would say we are a tropical country that's got many influences from Caribbean music, like salsa, reggaeton, cumbia, etc. There is a good portion of people who also love classic rock and pop music, too but you don't usually see metalheads on the streets. Of course, there are some, but it is not that typical.

Our scene basically consists of a lot of extreme metal bands, and many of them come from the mountains and from Lima, our capital. South American metal is mostly full of rage!

Hans Castro (MESSIER): 15 years ago, metal in Peru was very strong and there were a lot of people who went to concerts, events that sold records of other bands, t-shirts, clothes, belts, etc., and everything related to Peruvian metal. There are also very good Peruvian metal bands nowadays, which is great.

You are still able to see metalheads wearing the '80s-style metal clothes on the streets, however, bear in mind we are pretty conservative regarding that clothing issue in Peru. Some metalheads in our country can dress like Adam "Nergal" Darski, though, so talk about some conservative clothing, hehe!

Paco Rojas (DEMENCIA): Metal has never been popular here. It has always been something very underground, even in Lima. Although these days people are no longer scared to see a metalhead on the streets as may have happened in the '80s or early '90s, I can tell you that at least the genre is somewhat better known now. Peruvian society is very sanctimonious and hypocritical and much more in my city, Trujillo, which is eight hours north of the capital. Whatever, it's very rare to see a metalhead walking around.

Lucho Sanchez (BLIZZARD HUNTER): There have always been metalheads since the '80s, but the underground metal scene is very small despite the fact that this city (Lima) is very big. You always see people with t-shirts of the bands you mention, but at a local concert there are no more than 500 people. Then again, the last time a mega-sized band like Metallica came to Peru, there were around 40,000 people there to see them.

Israel Beltran (ICONS OF BLASPHEMY): In Peru, being a metalhead is the most alien thing in the world, haha! The population is Lima (the capital of Peru) has 10 million inhabitants and I only see 500 people at shows, so you can imagine the probability of walking and finding another of my kind, haha! Metal is the least popular music here.

Inhuman (CROWN OF WORMS): Well, Perú is not a rock-oriented (much less metal-oriented) country. There are niches in every scale of the socioeconomic demographics that tend to first listen, then explore and finally take part of this culture, but it's really, really not significant.

If I compare the current panorama versus what we lived through at the beginning of the band 20 years ago, I must say that there are more resources, so more bands are born (but also die) every day. The Internet has made things much easier to find, so everyone is sort of "underground-savvy" now, but you find less commitment with their own projects and less participation when it comes to supporting the scene or a real audience.

Bloodless (CROWN OF WORMS): There are record collectors and bands but, record collectors tend to ignore new bands and focus on "mandatory" albums. Most collectors I meet at shops are guys over 35. They have the money to buy records. It's some sort of a delight to get them and (I hope) enjoy them but I have collected records all my life, with or without money. Sometimes you had to choose between a record (that you will have forever) or some other important thing that you may need, haha!! Also, I tried to learn about underground bands and even support them. There are some people like that. But they won't last. They are like that for a while.

In other words:

a) Record collectors who ignore underground bands.

b) Bands that have great ideas and no discipline

c) Bands who are carbon copies of other carbon copies.

d) People who support the underground for about five years.

Is that a scene? At the very least, that's our reality.

In the last 15 years, we have been visited by foreign bands like never before, both big and small. For big bands you have the "dedicated" audience and the "let's do anything on Saturday" audience, so we can't really measure the commitment for live music. You can, however, measure the ticket sales, hahaha!!!

For underground stuff there's almost none.

There are dedicated people, but they are rare.

Paul Apollyon (NON SERVIAM): Of course, metal music has been present in Peru since the late '80s and early '90s in my city and you can actually find metal bangers wandering among regular people on the streets.

Ernesto Angel (APOSTOL VENGADOR): Today is a lot different thanks to the Internet and modern media and the oldest fans have their collections in physical format, LPs, cassettes and CDs. Metalheads can be seen on the streets of all over Peru wearing their favorite bands of any subgenre.

Christian Cueva (AGGRESSION): Currently the scene has grown considerably.

At the beginning of the 2000s, the advancement of technology allowed new generations to listen to more metal, to learn more about the genres and about the iconic bands and new alternatives. The acquisition of musical instruments also grew at that time and allowed more bands to come to light, and although metal is not a massive genre in Peru (luckily, because we prefer to be more quality than quantity) we have been noticed within the musical culture of the country and that keeps us alive over the years and changes.

In the country metalheads have been walking the streets from the '80s to the present and we have never ceased to be. Metalheads in Peru are immortal, we will always be in force as the years go by and you will always find someone on the streets wearing black, with faded or torn pants, with chains, wristbands, and t-shirts of the most brutal, blasphemous and sick bands on the planet.

Willy "Sarcastic" Salas (FOSA COMÚN): With the globalization of the Internet, there are more record labels, distributors, concerts, fanzines, magazines and sales of official and unofficial t-shirts from different bands, which shows that the local and national scene has grown and that's a great thing. However, metalheads go almost unnoticed wearing their shirts among the so-called "normal people", even among metalheads they sometimes look at each other with indifference. Fifteen years ago in Arequipa, seeing a metalhead with long hair, dressed in black and with a metal band shirt was unusual and many times there were verbal and physical confrontation with the so-called "normal people". Meeting another metalhead on the street started with a greeting of the sign of the horns then talk about their tastes for the subgenre they were listening to or to exchange music or fanzine information. When concerts were organized, we would meet at night to go out and paste flyers and invite other metalheads to the concerts. There were places in the city, like parks, squares, or stores where metalheads would meet on weekends to talk about music, fanzines, plan a concert and also to get drunk and there they would meet new metalheads who were joining the local scene.

B. Maiestas D. (ARCADA): On one hand you could say we are having a considerable amount of growth in the scene itself, but not in the number of bands. Ten years ago, we would have 5-6 international bands play concerts per year, whereas last year we had five international concerts in a single week here in Lima, so that's an indicator. On the other hand, I remember when we were 18 years old and there were also other contemporary bands with people who were the same age as us, so we were basically "first generation," the guys from 24 to 30 would be "second generation" and so on. Today I don't know about any first generation bands, especially after the pandemic. I would say you can see people wearing metal shirts (not so underground bands) once a week on the streets, depending on which part of the city you are in.

Gustavo Fernández Zaferson (FALLEN SYMMETRY): I actually do that exercise. When I go out with my girlfriend, I'm always telling her, "Look, there's one." There is always at least one metalhead whatever the place is. So yes, there is a metal scene in Peru and you can see it on the streets. Metal has been a solid underground culture since the mid-80s here in Peru.

Gonzalo Diaz (BESTIARIUS): The popularity of the metal scene is not as much as other genres, like salsa or cumbia. The music and the metal scene is still underground. But making a comparison to 15 years ago, I must recognize that the metal scene has grown, and that is demonstrated in the new bands that have been appearing, in the same way with the independent labels and concerts. Metalheads are slowly integrating into society, before a guy with his Cannibal Corpse T-shirt would pass by and it was frowned upon, it wasn't something very normal 15 or 20 years ago, but now, thanks to the Internet, new generations are getting involved with this beautiful and misunderstood genre.

Juan "Thanatos" Carlos (INCLEMENTOR): Unfortunately, in our hometown the perception they have of us has not changed. Now it is more common to see young people wearing black shirts with metal bands on them, but most of them are emos or simply rockers...

Compared to the previous years, the scene has undoubtedly grown more, especially with younger people attending concerts and with new extreme metal bands. The concerts are also more frequent, reaching up to two events in the same day; something that did not happen in the early years of the wanka metal scene until the pandemic made everything fall apart again.

After the confinement, more events with massive attendance began to happen, which felt great!

Infernaz Necronomicon (SEXORCIST): The popularity of bands has gone up somehow but let's not kid ourselves in that sense. I think there are still few kids who actually walk the streets wearing a Mayhem, Suffocation or Death T-shirt and know what they are listening to, but you can also see many kids wearing the same t-shirt who have no idea what they are wearing. In the past the movements were underground because there were many prejudices. Today it is not so much that way, but even though the movement has grown there are few who really know and enjoy real metal.

Juan "Pus" Flores (GORE): In Peru, metal music is, unfortunately, not valued. The government puts obstacles in front of the organizers and bars in Lima. Events have been attacked by the police on several occasions. So far there are two sales centers and places where people meet. "Galerías Brasil" (I have a store there) and in Jr. Quilca. They are the two best known meeting points for metalheads in Lima.

Juan "Leviathan" Pablo (MAZE OF TERROR): Metal music is not very popular in our country, except for the most mainstream examples, but within underground metal there are great exponents worldwide such as Mortem, Anal Vomit, and Goat Semen. Common people are unaware of this, but the underground demons know it. Peru is an important stop for extreme metal bands, since there are always people willing to attend extreme underground events.

Giovani Hoyos-Corrales (OXIDO): Metal music is overall very popular among both the new and old generations of metal fans that are merging together as one. I also have to say keep in mind the majority of the population prefer Latino music and both old and new traditional music styles are way more popular in our country. But the metal scene has been improving to some extent over the last 20 years or so. There are more concerts, more promoters and a community that keeps them motivated and going, which is cool, of course.

But yeah, to answer your question, one can see metalheads on the streets of Lima and all over Peru, generally speaking.

Jay (OLD CULT): Nowadays metal music is everywhere, and Peru is no exception. My country has been the host of big concerts in the past five years and renowned bands have been in the capital city, something that wasn't seen 10 years ago partly because the social media boom hadn't reached so far abroad and partly because the only representative bands back then were Hadez, Anal Vomit, Goat Semen and Mortem. Now? There are more bands than I can count around Peru and even in my city (Chiclayo) and, of course, you can see a lot of metalheads around the streets, however only a few of them really know what this is about and the music/bands they are wearing. Metal music might be popular, yet only a few metalheads are true to the real essence of this worldwide underground culture, something I think happens all around the world.

Guillermo "Buho" Guevara Hurtado (DEICIDIOS): Metal music since its inception has appealed to a minority. More than 50 years have passed, and this situation has gotten significantly better regarding its popularity, at least in Peru. There are online radio shows, fanzines (both printed and digital) and very good bands from all metal subgenres. This improvement is partly because the economic situation has been maintained but also thanks to technology. Ten or 15 years ago things were very different. Nowadays there are many more concerts and bands put out better releases. Now you can see both males and females on the streets with their band shirts, even if they don't necessarily listen to metal, they are kind of a part of the "social decoration."

As I said, I live in Ayacucho and in 1985 seeing a young man with a long hair wearing his metal shirt was scandalous. Authorities treated you like a drug addict or a bum. My own city is also known as "The City of 33 Churches" and the weight that this institution has is frighteningly huge and it also makes its presence visible among people.

Manuel Perqan (CONTUMACY): Metal has become very popular, but it was inevitable. Before it was not pleasant to listen to this type of music. I think that in South America, even in the 21st century, that mystique of extreme metal being less commercial than in Europe or the USA, is maintained.

Gustavo Garcia Godos (ESTIGMA): Nowadays metal is not as popular as it used to be 10 or 15 years ago and today it is rare to see metalheads on the streets and the ones you see are in their 40s or more, but in some places like "Galerias Brasil" and "Quilca" you can see younger metalheads.

Luis Chumpitaz (BLACK HEAVEN): In the early 2000s its popularity was medium/high since you saw a lot of young guys (between 17 and 25 years old) wearing metal band t-shirts, especially newer thrash metal and death metal.

Over time, the popularity dropped in 2010 to medium/low, with a reduction in the number of concerts by local bands in contrast to several international bands (Iron Maiden, Metallica, Morbid Angel, Megadeth, Arcturus, Deicide, Cavalera Conspiracy, etc.) playing for the first time in Peru.

Today, you can see metalheads on the street wearing the t-shirts of their favorite bands, going to university or their jobs and, above all, young men under 25 going to concerts or creating new metal bands.

Roberto Carlos (DISINTER): Metal is not popular in Peru, but it is true that there are more people listening to metal music in our country nowadays. However, they are very different people from those we were used to. They can listen to Cannibal Corpse and wear their t-shirts but at the same time they can also listen to rap or salsa, but that's their problem. At least more people seem to understand what our music is all about. However, it is not very common to see people with metal band shirts here in Peru.

Yawarx (MIDNIGHT SACRIFICE): In reality and from our point of view, it is not very popular. In the streets you can see shirts of commercial or popular bands, but it is rare to meet someone with an attraction to the most underground of the national and international metal scene. But, of course, even if the underground metal scene isn't so big, it always has faithful people who support the bands that emerge in one way or another.

Hector Ilizarbe Sulca (HAMADRÍA): Metal in Peru has a pretty good legion of very passionate metal music followers. It is small but very passionate.

As for some history, metal music arrived in Peru in the '80s, and back then many Peruvian metal bands were also formed by like-minded people. It was a very small scene in those days. Over the years it has been growing significantly. The current Peruvian metal scene has become more professional, meaning the stages are better, the sound equipment is better, the bands sound better, releases are more professionally made, the musicians have grown and become more professional players and basically everything that is connected to the metal music genre has gotten better over the years. Also, many bands' lyrical themes are divided into two areas; those that write lyrics about the history of Peru with its past culture of Inkas and the others that sing about very universal themes. The Peruvian metal fans are very passionate and are shown on the streets wearing their band t-shirts from all the subgenres of metal. We are few but are very faithful.

Giancarlo Melgar (EARTHWOMB): We would say that it is not such a popular genre in Peru if we make a large-scale analysis, but we have a very active and strong scene within the underground space. In regard to the subgenres, if we make a comparison of the Peruvian metal music ecosystem of today with that which was taking place 10 or 15 years ago, we realize that there are certain trends that emerge and maintain a certain intensity for short periods of time. Some examples are metalcore, djent, or deathcore. But the styles that have prevailed since the '80s and have positioned our country in the international scene are thrash metal, death metal, black metal and grindcore, obviously considering the different ramifications or subgenres that are part of these musical styles such as blackened thrash, slam brutal death, grind death, black death, etc. I think it is important to mention that many of the most interesting proposals in terms of sound or aesthetics are developed outside the capital. In the different regions of our country, we have bands of great promise that should receive more attention or opportunities to develop and distribute their material.

As for your question about the presence of metalheads on the streets, in Lima, the largest number of bangers is mainly condensed in districts near the historic center of the city, which for many years has remained one of the points of greatest countercultural confluence of the capital. But this has changed over the years and interesting spaces have begun to emerge in other districts, allowing the expansion, creation, and interaction of different types of audiences who enjoy metal.

Dr. Gonzales (NARKAN): Years ago, metal music was more popular than nowadays, but I think that the metal underground is healthy enough to stay alive and brutal.

Jorge Revoredo (LADRÓN DEL FUEGO): My response on this one is going to be limited, being over 40, bearing a more-white-than-gray beard, and being almost a hermit on a social relations basis.

Metal music popular...? Not at all. Not here. I myself wear metal t-shirts all the time, everywhere, but that's just me. It's not common at all. In fact, it's very rare to see metal t-shirts on the street during daytime.

I remember there is a place in downtown Lima which is known to host several metal pubs and stores, in the vicinity of the infamous Jirón Quilca, which is a crooked street, known for many used book and vintage record stores. At night, there can be seen metalheads, clad in heavy metal clothing, patched vests, and all, attending either metal bars or live music pubs.

Some other dark crowds also tend to gather at night around some scattered pubs along the capital, but not the common scene.

At least that was the scene years ago when I used to sometimes assist.

As I remember, in other parts of the country, the south and the highlands mostly, you might find some more massive gatherings for live metal shows.

All metal activity in Perú is basically underground.

In the last 10-15 years, I believe metal activity has decreased. There has always been some low activity, but about 14 years ago, there was a huge surge, when the dream of many third-world country generations became reality, and we finally received for the first time, "THE" Iron Maiden. They sold out the national stadium. It was a glorious night, and the party began the night before. Camping groups made up the queue around the stadium in the days before the show and formed a single celebration akelarre. Groups came from all over the country and other nearby countries as well. Thousands of people listening to Maiden, chanting, and drinking together, every one of them. It still gives me the shivers when I recall that magical night.

I believe that functioned as a catalyst, and it seems to me there was, for a period, the feeling that we, the metal community here in Perú, were somehow bigger than just a few scattered groups, a real brotherhood of metal.

Over the years, we received Maiden for the "second coming," Metallica, Kiss, Ozzy, etc., and many others not as "big." As the years passed by, it decreased until the COVID pandemic took its toll.

Carlos Sacra (LEGION SACRA): Metal in my native Arequipa isn't as popular as I would wish. Let's say there are fewer than 300 metalheads, on average, since the beginning of Arequipa's metal scene back in 1990. You can see some metalheads in the streets and identify them because of the t-shirts they wear, and it's also really easy to find stores with metal merch of excellent quality, made in Peru.

The Covenant of Shadows (GHOUL): We do not have precise information about the popularity of metal music in our country, since very rarely do we go out. However, we can say that there has been a great increase of followers, and this has been seen at concerts. Regarding your second question, yes, you can see metalheads wearing t-shirts from those bands and many more these days.

Paul "Apollyon Xul" (MEGATHERION): Yes, since the end of the '80s and the beginning of the '90s, you can see young bangers all over the place with the aforementioned bands. Now the musical style with many subgenres of these metal acts has some more fans than 10 years ago, which is cool, of course!

Omar Leon (BLACK LION): I think there has always been a good crowd in my country for metal. We have places where you can go and listen to good metal music. The scene has grown a lot since the early days, and nowadays there are many more concerts of various bands, and it's also great to see people of different ages in the audience, thanks to some big names coming over to Peru for concerts. The national bands have also been growing a lot in every aspect not only musically but also how they perform on the stage. I think every musician has realized that it is important to give a good show for the audience, and staging has naturally become an important part of it all, of course. Everything is improving.

Pedro "El barbas" Vásquez (HELLCROSS): Peru is a country where the tropical genres like reggaeton, trap and salsa dominate. However, there has been a large increase in young people going to concerts, wearing metal and rock band t-shirts, and buying music or listening to it via streaming. This is reflected in the fact that there are more and more concerts with international and famous bands due to this increase in consumption. Also, from my point of view as a musician, I have seen in 10 years an increase of metal bands, especially the "stoner" scene.

Nestor Insano (INTESTINAL LACERATION): Metal in Peru is still underground, the classic genres (heavy, black, thrash, death) and the most commercial bands worldwide are still the most popular. Approximately 10 years ago the scene and frequency of national classic metal concerts began to decline. However, currently a small local extreme music scene has emerged in the capital, mainly slam brutal death and grindcore, but it is very centralized, as these extreme genres are still unknown or are seen with prejudice by most of the classic bangers.

Giovanni Lama (EPILEPSIA): These days it is normal to see people walking the streets wearing metal band t-shirts. Twenty or 25 years or maybe 30 years ago when I was 15 it was very strange. People looked at us as if we were criminals. Peru has been very conservative. They saw us walking down the street with long hair and they yelled at us, "YOU ARE GAY!" as if that was an insult, or the older ladies looked at us with a disgusted face as if we smelled like shit. Fortunately, that slowly changed starting about 15 years ago, in 2007. At that time, it was already accepted, and it was normal. Today thanks to Stranger Things many want to be a metalhead because they think that it's cool. It's even nice to be a metalhead among a group of normal friends, like in the series. Of course, there are people who take it from their heart because their life is metal.

Gonzalo (PHALARYS): As a band, we cannot say that we have lived a strong period in the metal scene. Although there are people in the underground scene very loyal to metal, you can easily perceive a stagnation in the support of certain subgenres, a lot of people want to keep listening to '80s and '90s metal or new bands that have a similar sound. With time there's a less young audience and with the new musical production tendencies, there is less probability of having a new important metal scene outbreak. Anyway, we don't give a fuck, Phalarys always has been about doing whatever the fuck we wanted, shitting on the new music trends (what a regular metalhead does) as much as the obsolete preferences in the local metal scene.

Which achievements are you most proud of so far?

Paul Apollyon (NON SERVIAM): The concept and ideas have been the same for us since the very beginning when the band started to play metal of death. Also, the band has played a lot of gigs and the high point for us thus far has been when we played on the same bill with Colombian death metal masters Masacre and black metallers Inquisition, who are the two true masterss of metal of death and darkness.

Eduardo Saravia (TERATOS): Proud would not perhaps be the right word, it would be a satisfaction for me, and the reason for having left my city—traveling, touring, meeting many people who today maintain an alliance and friendship that can never be broken. We have now set a very big goal for ourselves, which is recording our debut full-length album. We are going down that path, including both sacrifices and satisfaction when rewarding us with a good job, which will all materialize in the form of our debut studio album.

El Sucio (HYENA): I'm proud of all we have achieved so far. With the pandemic, a lot of things changed around the world, both in how things work and how to perceive life itself. The scene was positive for Hyena including the current lineup, some physical editions of our releases around Russia and South America, a few interviews, reviews and transmissions in digital media from Europe, America and Asia.

With this lineup, we started playing live together in November 2021 and since then, we have toured around Peru and part of South America, grown our fanbase in the underground around the world, released a single on vinyl, CD and cassette, shared stages with bands such as Exciter and Luzbel, and focused on the songwriting for our next releases. We just started a new tour across Peru, Argentina and Bolivia and after that we will enter the studio to work on our first full-length album.

Víctor Calvo (PURPLE AQP): I'm proud to have released physical material as it should be, that being my first album. The achievement of a job for so long in the studio, paying tribute to my cultural roots that are an important part of the overall idea that I want to convey.

Martin Revoredo (SPECTRAL SOULS): Definitely it was getting a contract with a big international label. We have some bands that have signed deals with European metal labels, but mostly they are underground labels. I am almost certain we are the first Peruvian metal band signed to a big label like Hammerheart Records and it's really great to be a part of their roster. Also, with the acceptance our first album received around the world, we have been in the eye of the tornado for the last few months and we are very proud of that. I think we have good material to offer, and we have already caught the attention of some popular magazines in Germany, France and the USA, so I could say we are on a good path at the moment.

Hans Castro (MESSIER): I am proud of forming the first power metal band in Peru. This band was Andromeda. Back in those days it was very difficult even recording an album. But due to fate I guess it was no longer possible to continue progressing as a band, but I firmly believe with that disbanded band of ours we will remain in the history of Peruvian metal forever.

Paco Rojas (DEMENCIA): Although we have few releases in so many years of activity, there has been some improvement in our musical (technique and composition). We are not masters, but there has been an improvement in execution and in the level of composition. At the beginning, the music we made was much more primitive and basic. As for the lyrics there have also been improvements. I care a lot about the way things are said in a song. Aesthetics also has some importance at this point.

And finally, the production of each release I think has improved each time. I refer to the presentation of the albums, the design and layout, etc. We try to keep a concept or a certain trend on each album.

Lucho Sanchez (BLIZZARD HUNTER): Definitely having been able to play at a festival in Italy called Padova Metal Fest (believe me it's not easy for a band from here to play outside the country and even more so when it's Europe) and share the stage with many bands we like such as Armored Saint, Grim Reaper, Picture, Blaze Bailey, Medieval Steel, Piledriver, Angel Witch, etc., having recorded five releases (two EPs, two full-length studio albums, one live album) and all without being very active. It's an inner burning passion that keeps this band going.

Israel Beltran (ICONS OF BLASPHEMY): I am proud that song composition is faster and sort of friendlier to the ear. I am 48 years old. Can you imagine in the '90s how we got together to make a song? All the technology we have nowadays has made it easier. One can even record demos at home. It truly is a big advantage.

Inhuman (CROWN OF WORMS): We always did whatever the fuck we wanted to do and kept consistency as a value. We had an 8-year hiatus and came back stronger than ever in terms of musical production, which is, obviously, the main goal of any band. Every record is better than the previous one and even counting all those years of inactivity, still we have created and released more (and better) music than some bands that have more years, more "fanbase" and even more energy (ha!) than us.

Bloodless (CROWN OF WORMS): Achievements are to stand by every note ever recorded by Crown of Worms, to have never been a photocopy band and to have been devoted and disciplined with our art.

Ernesto Angel (APOSTOL VENGADOR): Both past and present achievements are meeting people and visiting places and the best of all remains as an anecdote of each concert we play. This helps us mature musically, improving with the experience of the years and releasing good songs and better records.

Christian Cueva (AGGRESSION): We are proud of the constant commitment each of us has to do things well and, above all, the balls that we have put into the most difficult moments that we have lived in so few years. We did not allow any of them to cause us to give up or prevent us from continuing to work on the productions that we have completed so far, which we are very satisfied with.

Willy "Sarcastic" Salas (FOSA COMÚN): To have been the first band in my city to play death metal and record the first decent demo in a studio and with a good presentation, in addition to having played in most of the concerts held in our city, having spread our material all over the world and representing the scene of our city of Arequipa and influencing future generations to continue making metal and not giving up!!

B. Maiestas D. (ARCADA): I would say our live debut was the first achievement as we had the opportunity to open a show for Inquisition back in 2015. We were very influenced by them, so it was a great concert in all aspects, especially when some weeks later Dagon sent us a picture of the demo we gave him that night backstage. Another considerable act was our first tour in Chile called "Projections Over Chile" in 2019, where we played with a lot of great bands and participated on "Decimatio VII" with Black Witchery and Sadistic Intent, along with other bands. We had a great response from the public. International concerts might not sound that big of an achievement for some people, but in South America it's not as easy as it would be in Europe because we don't have the facilities to fly between countries and the money conversion is more risky. We also had a second tour in 2022 in Chile again, where we played with Inquisition for a second time in Santiago and covered the entire south of our neighbor country, reaching the last city which would basically be the end of the world.

Talking about releases, I am proud about being constant since the beginning. We had some international releases on CD and after that we had the long-waited proposal for releasing our debut album on 12" vinyl with Edged Circle Productions from Norway. This was a big honor for us because there are only a few Peruvian bands with vinyl releases. Also, the label has worked with amazing bands, so it's great to be part of their catalog.

For 2023 we have a tour in Colombia where we will play with Akhlys on two dates. Also we are about to record the second full-length, so be prepared!

Gustavo Fernández Zaferson (FALLEN SYMMETRY): When the band receives a message, maybe face to face, maybe via social media or e-mail, from someone you don't know who tells you that your music helps them get through the rough days, there is no bigger compliment than that. We are so very happy and proud to have received that feedback from some of our followers. Nothing can top that.

Gonzalo Diaz (BESTIARIUS): I'm proud of gaining musical experience. Since we formed the band, we have improved in terms of our instruments, stage performance and the way we project ourselves as a band.

Juan "Thanatos" Carlos (INCLEMENTOR): One of the main achievements was being invited to participate in the global tribute to the symphonic doom metal icons Estatic Fear, and even meet the founder of the band. They got to know our work, and it's no secret that they are one of the most important influences for us. What is so cool about this, they first contacted us, so it was very hard for us to decline this special opportunity.

In their early days, they were considered the best doom metal band in central Peru.

Infernaz Necronomicon (SEXORCIST): Getting great acceptance and criticism, as I mentioned before, having recorded material that keeps us current as an exponent of artistic ideas. We are currently working on new things that will soon come out of the darkness.

Juan "Pus" Flores (GORE): I am pleased that Gore is already recognized in Peru and some South American regions as well. Also, I am happy with my store that is located in "Galerías Brasil," as this shopping mall is well known among metalheads over here.

Juan "Leviathan" Pablo (MAZE OF TERROR): Our pride is our albums that have been released by labels from various countries and having done several tours. Humbly the most important thing is that we have our own sound that we take care of and make it grow, release after release.

Giovani Hoyos-Corrales (OXIDO): Well, we are pretty happy with the achievements we have accomplished so far. In the very beginning, there were never enough promoters of this music style or genre, so it's been tough for us to make it through the years.

However, we keep on trying to get this new generation of metalheads to become more aware of our style of music, just to inspire and offer a better understanding and insight into the realm of Oxido.

Jay (OLD CULT): I think it's safe to say that releasing the Raw and Old Grimness EP is a past achievement to feel proud of. When I started Old Cult, we didn't have the instruments and the equipment we needed, so we had to rent a rehearsal studio. Alex, the former band member (we were the only members) had to juggle between work, college and rehearsals. I, myself, struggled to find the right time to rehearse given the different jobs I had. Lack of time was a huge issue back then. The guitar and bass tracks were recorded at a friend's house (also a metal musician), drums and vocals were recorded some weeks after that. We finished the recording, mixing and mastering process at a studio. In other words, everything was a journey we didn't foresee yet was accomplished despite the odds. Now, as for the present, I'm totally proud of the reception Old Cult has had so far, considering the fact that it wasn't until this past year that I decided to pick up where I left off. I've finished writing what will be a new release this year. I should be hitting the studio soon.

Guillermo "Buho" Guevara Hurtado (DEICIDIOS): As I said, we formed the band at the beginning of 1988 and the band turns 35 in 2023. We still feel strongly about this band despite some not-so-pleasing conditions and difficulties. We faced many shortcomings in terms of instruments and other music equipment, but those problems did not stop us but on the contrary strengthened us to fight for our existence. The socio-political-military problems also stopped our recording possibilities. Now we have three releases out and a new one in the works.

In Peru, we are considered an important band in the history of national metal circles. We have stayed underground and haven't followed any trends or fashions. We are determined to keep our rebellious spirit high and strong, and I also believe we have the right attitude, commitment and consistency, both band- and metal-wise.

Manuel Perqan (CONTUMACY): Apart from founding and singing with my band Contumacy, I am also a member of bands like Illapa and even have a new band nowadays, called Ofenza. With Contumacy we have released a double vinyl containing our last four demos that we consider to be another step for our band.

Gustavo Garcia Godos (ESTIGMA): First of all, we are proud of being an active band playing and also recording. We toured Ecuador in 1998 and it was an awesome experience for us. In addition, we made it to the top spot on the Movistar Musica Channel. What makes this a bit sweeter is we are the only metal band in Peru to have achieved that and thanks to that we appeared on two TV programs that were dedicated to music in general. The reason for being proud of that is because we did not change our style to fit in the media.

Luis Chumpitaz (BLACK HEAVEN): We are definitely proud of recording our debut album called Blast the Mankind, which was released in 2015, also very proud to have opened shows for Destruction (2015), Tankard (2017), and in 2018 we opened for Max & Igor Cavalera on the "Beneath the Remains/Arise" tour.

And to finish, we are very proud to have been able to resume the band after three years of inactivity due to bloody COVID and to finally be recording what will be our second album.

Roberto Carlos (DISINTER): I am very proud of having been able to record in 1996-1997 under the worst conditions possible, and also of having visited different cities at that time, again under very difficult conditions and coming out fine. Last but not least is our new record getting excellent reviews and our band getting more and more recognized in Europe and maintaining an eternal war against silence.

Yawarx (MIDNIGHT SACRIFICE): I think above all to be faithful to what we are doing, which is to create music and record it for the record.

Hector Ilizarbe Sulca (HAMADRÍA): We are proud of Hamadría, to be one of the first metal bands with a female voice in the 21st century in Peru, and to have managed to get two albums released in a country where the metal culture is still quite small. We have great fans who attend our concerts, and we received a lot of love from our fans, too.

Giancarlo Melgar (EARTHWOMB): Taking into account that this project arises with the intention of producing material for ourselves or close friends, we were very surprised by the great reception we received nationally and internationally with the release of our EP Becoming Immanence. All of this led us to get a large number of positive reviews, press releases, inclusion in lists of the best releases of 2021, our songs played on several radio stations and we had several interviews with different international media outlets.

But for us one of the most important achievements has been the progressive evolution of our sound and our composition methodology, which has allowed us to elaborate more and more complex creative schemes correlated with the conceptual base we develop for each song. Also, the quality of our production has evolved since we started this project in 2017, thanks to the inclusion of Pedro Zamalloa and the synergy we generate every time we enter the studio to create.

Dr. Gonzales (NARKAN): Playing with Napalm Death, one of our true heroes, was killer for us but also continually waving the flag of extreme metal is another achievement for us, I think.

Jorge Revoredo (LADRÓN DEL FUEGO): I will have to mention my personal achievements regarding this matter.

I am proud of having solely composed, arranged and produced an entire heavy metal album, and releasing it almost all by myself. Of course, I hired a studio and musicians for recording, but it was my hard work for years that made that possible. Against countless difficulties. Against all odds. Against rejection, being ghosted, being scammed. Against the COVID pandemic.

I am proud of having kept my mother tongue when others automatically embrace a foreign language as a choice for lyrics.

I am very proud of the music I have written.

Carlos Sacra (LEGION SACRA): The main achievement, for me, would be to have kept the band alive in a country where metal is not popular and where the support for bands is less than nothing. One has to use all disposable media to share your music in the underground, national and international scenes. Now with the Internet and its amenities, it's definitely easier. Back in the nineties we had to send letters everywhere, and sometimes we couldn't pay for even one.

The Covenant of Shadows (GHOUL): One of the things we are proud of was opening the show for Mayhem in the year MMXVIII here in Lima, which was two years before our first EP Ascending From the Depths came out. We are also proud to have released two EPs so far and we are planning on creating a full-length in the near future.

Paul "Apollyon Xul" (MEGATHERION): We are proud of ourselves for riding this dark path, because before seeking "fame," for us it is a pleasure to get each rehearsal arranged and gig played—it's like a therapy for us. Metal music is present in our lives every day since high school, so it's not a trendy for us but let's say it's more like our sweet sickness. Also, we have played with some old cult bands like Brazil's Mystifier, the Chilean underground metal pioneers Atomic Agressor, the Bolivia's Kulto Maldito, the Peruvian death metallers Anal Vomit, among other bands. Cheers to all of them!

Omar Leon (BLACK LION): I am proud of what we have achieved so far. We have already managed to play outside our country; we've played in Argentina, and it was a very important experience for us all in all as it taught us a lot regarding touring outside of our own country. Also, the release of our first album was a great achievement.

As for what we'd still like to achieve, we would like to play with M.A.S.A.C.R.E, who are one of the most emblematic metal bands from our country. We are now giving everything we can to get our second album, titled Astral Reincarnation, released which we are hoping to get out at some point during this year.

Pedro "El barbas" Vásquez (HELLCROSS): It makes me very proud to have been able to play so many gigs of different sizes and magnitudes. In different districts of the city and in some cities outside of Lima. In addition, having an album on streaming platforms and another in the recording process. We have many people who love and respect us, and personally I have received proposals to work on songs with other bands.

Nestor Insano (INTESTINAL LACERATION): Currently Intestinal Laceration has a contract with the record label Gore House Productions (USA) with whom we have premiered a second video clip and our first full-length album titled Chaotic Eschatological Madness, which has been released in CD, tape, and digital formats in 2022. Now, in 2023 we will enter the process of musical composition of what will be our second album and we will also release a third video clip and we plan to tour Ecuador and Colombia.

Jhon (PHALARYS): The release of the new album, finally! And had the pleasure to play, on more than one occasion, a 17-minute-long conceptual song in front of a confused audience.

Giovanni Lama (EPILEPSIA): We have been lucky enough to be able to play in stadiums as part of rock festivals that included some metal bands, massive festivals on the beach. We have opened shows for Slayer, Destruction, and Violator, among others. We have been able to travel all over the country many times, and we have released some 14 productions between albums and EPs. We are also about to release a new album soon. We are proud to be a band that produces new stuff and can continue touring, at least in our own country.

If I visit Peru someday, what are the essential (metal) pubs and/or venues you'd introduce me to, knowing I am a metalhead who's seeking some cool places to hang around and perhaps even see some local metal bands live?

Luis (PHALARYS): There are a few places in Lima that you can visit to see local bands like Salón Imperial in Cailloma, Machu Picchu Bar and Lima Noise Underground.

Eduardo Saravia (TERATOS): There are actually many metal bars in Peru, both heavy metal bars and even something more extreme than a typical heavy metal bar, but I think in the central of Lima would be a place called Crypto, which is the most well known and has a really good atmosphere, a lot of metal, a lot of brotherhood for having fun and a good time. In terms of live metal concerts, it depends but the best known would be the festival in the center of Lima, Peru.

El Sucio (HYENA): After the pandemic a few rock and/or metal venues and pubs closed because of the national situation. Here in Lima there's one place called Lima Noise Underground, in Arequipa there's Ace Shoot and in Cajamarca Supay Pub. There are metal, punk and rock concerts in those venues all weekend.

Víctor Calvo (PURPLE AQP): In the capital city Lima, a bar called Crypto is a must to visit. Then Galerías Brasil is the center where fans of metal music meet in Lima, where it is possible to exchange ideas and also productions between fans. In Arequipa, the city where I live in the south of the country, Ace Shoot is a bar where metal bands regularly perform.

Martin Revoredo (SPECTRAL SOULS): The best place for metalheads is the Crypto metal bar, which is the most popular metal bar in the capital. There are some other places in our country as well, but basically they offer more rock-orientated music.

Hans Castro (MESSIER): We do have some metal pubs in our capital city, Lima. There's still a very good underground metal scene in Peru overall and many underground concerts are arranged in the most brutal places in Peru that surely are quite an adventure for a metal tourist. We have local classic metal bars like Crypto Bar Metal, Nuclear Bar, etc.

And as for the concerts of local and foreign bands, they can be arranged anywhere in Peru like at some old cinemas, theaters, etc. and even at some local centers without much reception from the nonmetal audience.

Paco Rojas (DEMENCIA): Well, we have Nuclear Bar in Lima (capital city), which is a good place to listen to metal and get drunk. I think it still works. Here in Trujillo, we have Casa Lakripta that has a very underground atmosphere and is not only limited to metal. But the metal place is definitely Galerías Brasil in Lima. There you can find everything related to metal like record stores, clothes, accessories, 'zines, etc. Bands I would recommend you see are Perverse Rites, Ancestro, Fervent Hate, Vulture, Mudra, Hadez, Disinter, Deicidios, Psicorragia, Inri, Runa, Epilepsia, Necropsya, Anal Vomit, Dios Hastío, Demencia, etc.

Lucho Sanchez (BLIZZARD HUNTER): Here we unfortunately lack good venues to play. There is only one pub, Crypto Bar Metal, which is dedicated to metal music in this city. There are also some others, but they are gothic or post-punk music orientated bars, but we do have a good beer and very good food in many pubs, though. ;o) There are about 4-5 good venues here that let metal bands perform their stuff live.

Israel Beltran (ICONS OF BLASPHEMY): Luckily there are many metal music-related events and bars in our country these days. Within a month we may have 3-4 concerts, which is great. I have a bunch of friends who are always active in organizing metal gigs. When it comes to metal bars there is Crypto Metal Bar, so you are invited if you want to visit us.

Inhuman (CROWN OF WORMS): After the COVID pandemic there has been an explosion of metal gigs with acts from abroad, so you can almost surely go to a concert on the weekend. On the other hand, we used to have 3-4 metal pubs distributed throughout the city of Lima, but most of them are closed now. I think there's been a reopening a couple of days ago in downtown Lima (Hell), the bar is named Crypto.

Bloodless (CROWN OF WORMS): I avoid rock bars and go to very few concerts. The concert has to be very special for me to attend. It's an artistic feedback for me, not a social thing. I would recommend some shops at Galerías Brasil (a small, fucked up commercial building). I love going to shops and checking out the merch. I might find something interesting. Stores have lots of "classic" stuff that I listened to in my youth. I get nostalgic with that. I tend to discover stuff I ignored in the past but there is very little underground stuff available. The latest pandemic ended some of the small shops. There are still records available, but you have to contact the dealer to meet you some place. Only a few shops remain.

You might have to get underground stuff on your own, by contacting the bands (not a bad idea, by the way).

Before 2020, you could find underground shops. Not a lot but, some. Some are returning.

Also, you could go to a record dealer's home to check stuff out. That was great, as prices were better.

We should consider that a music enthusiast is not always a record collector. Especially for younger audiences.

That may be the reason why I found Desaster and Scepter in stores, during my youth, and now I find Deep Purple and King Crimson. Record collecting is mostly for mature audiences. Mostly.

I cherish the fantastic discovery of playing a marvelous album for the first time. It is magical.

Like the first time I played Reign in Blood or The Third Storm of Cythraul. What a trip!

If the concert is fantastic, I'll be there.

If the album is great, I'll buy it.

I won't go to a concert to chat and have a drink. And I won't have a digital record collection.

Ernesto Angel (APOSTOL VENGADOR): In Lima, Peru, there are two purely metal places. One is the "Crypto Metal Bar" and the other is called "Nuclear Bar" and sometimes they do live concerts in those places.

If one day you dare to come to these places, you are welcome.

Christian Cueva (AGGRESSION): When you come to visit Peru, you will always find a place available to enjoy good metal, be it a weekday in a bar or a concert on a weekend.

Not only in Lima will you feel welcomed by an insane metal scene, but also in beautiful cities like Ayacucho, Juliaca, Cuzco, Arequipa, Tacna, among others, where the dark and infernal genre that unites us at this moment has been growing every day, every year, and that will not stop.

Paul Apollyon (NON SERVIAM): In my city, there's one or two places where you can go and listen to metal music, and even sometimes get to experience live music while enjoying some beers and other kind of drinks as well.

Willy "Sarcastic" Salas (FOSA COMÚN): We invite all the bangers from all over the world to our city of Arequipa. Live performances are always organized and there is also a resto bar called Ace Shoot that is in the center of the city, Jerusalem Street no. 502, where you will find live metal and rock every weekend and drinks for all tastes.

B. Maiestas D. (ARCADA): Well, you can check Crypto Bar, which has been around almost for two decades. Originally located in Miraflores, it closed like three times if I'm not wrong and now it is back from the ashes and relocated in Lince. Also, you can check Lima Noise, which works mainly as a venue more than a bar. This one is run by the members from the grindcore band SxFxC. This place has been very popular since 2020 as it was the only venue remaining accessible for small gigs in the metropolitan area of the city. We used to have more metal bars, but they closed years ago. The other venues which are popular for concerts and gigs here are Machu Pichu Bar, Resto Bar Goya and Perineo for mid-sized events and C.C. Festiva for big international events. These places are well known by the scene, but you won't find any metalhead there unless there is an event.

For buying records and merch, you can go to Galerías Brasil located in the Jesús María district and Jr. Quilca in the center of the city. Quilca is where all the subcultures have hung around since the '80s, so it's well known as a cultural street. You can find some interesting books and antiques there too.

Gustavo Fernández Zaferson (FALLEN SYMMETRY): The Peruvian metal scene is very strong in terms of the number of shows. There is a metal show here in Lima almost every week on average. There is the occasional big international show, but the local scene is very dynamic, lots of local festivals and shows from upcoming bands from other parts of the country or even bands from countries that are close by like Brazil, Argentina or Chile that are passing through on a South American tour. If you stay a while in Lima, you probably will catch a metal show of some sort. The classic metal bar in Lima is called Crypto Metal Bar and is a place where metalheads have gotten together since its opening in the '90s.

Gonzalo Diaz (BESTIARIUS): Well, there is a famous bar called Crypto Bar which is the end point of almost the whole scene when leaving a concert or just spending a night. Then there is another bar called Lima Noise Underground which is a rehearsal room and they also do concerts of national bands. It's a good place to get drunk and have fun.

Juan "Thanatos" Carlos (INCLEMENTOR): In Lima, our capital city, there are metal bars like Nuclear Bar, Crypto Bar, Yield Rock and Vichama Rock Bar.

In the city of Huancayo, there was the Damballa Metal Bar, but, unfortunately, it closed its doors for good and the only remaining rock bars are El Pitbull, Las Guitarras Rock and Papá Batata.

In the city of Cusco, there are bars such as Rock & Ron Metal Bar, Machumental Rock Bar and Cusco Rock House.

In the city of Arequipa, there is Valhalla Rock Café, Inside Rock Bar and Terrazarock.

Infernaz Necronomicon (SEXORCIST): To be honest, bars have not existed or been seen in Lima for a long time, let alone where they play metal music, but there are places where local concerts are sometimes held on weekends, where you can chat and have a good drink between comrades.

Juan "Pus" Flores (GORE): As I mentioned earlier, there are very few pubs to go to and yes, there are big concerts where the organizers do some miracles to make events happen. In fact, Peru does have many tourist places that you can visit, besides the ones that surely appeal metalheads.

Juan "Leviathan" Pablo (MAZE OF TERROR): I can think of Lima Noise, Hensley and Crypto, all good places to go to drink or see bands in the city of Lima. I also would recommend Killka Street or the galleries on Avenida Brasil where the people that sell truly underground music can be found.

Giovani Hoyos-Corrales (OXIDO): There is a metal pub in Lima you should absolutely visit. It's called Crypto Bar and is located in the district of Lince. For getting to know more of the metal and rock scene in Lima, Peru, you should also visit Galerías Brasil in Jesús María, Lima. Tere you will find lots of rock merchandise from CDs, tapes, LPs, T-shirts, and souvenirs as well as info and tickets for the latest concerts in the city.

Jay (OLD CULT): Every city has their own rock bar and they are pretty decent, but I don't think it's what you're looking for. Metal bars worth visiting are located in Lima (capital city), Crypto Bar Metal and Nuclear Bar are musts if you ever visit Peru. These places host the old fashion metal concerts the way every metalhead enjoys. You have other options, of course, such as Vichama Rock Bar, and Hensley Bar, both also located in Lima. Most of the big metal concerts (Behemoth, Belphegor, Deicide, Exodus, Sodom, Cannibal Corpse, Krisiun, Arch goat, Enforcer, etc.) have taken place on shopping centers' stages, though.

Guillermo "Buho" Guevara Hurtado (DEICIDIOS): Here in Ayacucho things have already changed a lot and fortunately, for the better. Obviously in Lima the situation is more favorable since it is the capital of our country with more people. There are more bands, concerts, and other media there. All metal bangers who want to visit our country and city are, of course, welcome. There are some good meeting places for metalheads, to make friends and listen to our powerful Peruvian metal bands. Ayacucho is nine hours by bus from the capital and 45 minutes by plane.

So, come and have some few beers with us. In fact, our guitarist makes craft beers so fun is guaranteed! Luxi, our friend, we are waiting for you... ;).

Manuel Perqan (CONTUMACY): Before there were metal bars like Templarios and Hell Bar where live bands played. Now we have a bar in our capital city Lima, called Crypto that is still going strong and where you can have your beers and listen to metal music.

Gustavo Garcia Godos (ESTIGMA): Actually, we only have one metal bar in Lima called Crypto but it's a cool one. Also, we have another kind of a bar called Lima Noise but is made more for underground events. So, if you want to have some drinks, definitely go to Crypto, but if you want to catch up some gigs, Lima Noise is your place for that.

Luis Chumpitaz (BLACK HEAVEN): Definitely the Nuclear Bar is a place well known for being the meeting point for most headbangers in Lima. A very good place to have a couple of beers, meet good friends and listen to good music; also many concerts have been held by bands from local metal bands and some from the province (outside of Lima). Unfortunately, the bar closed during the pandemic in 2020, but it will be reopened in March 2023 in another larger and better equipped venue for concerts!!

There is also another metal bar called Crypto, which also has a good atmosphere; however, the Nuclear Bar is legendary here in Lima!!!

Roberto Carlos (DISINTER): In my city Lima there's only one bar worth visiting and that's the Crypto Metal Bar. But if you are seeking live metal music, then go to Machu Pichu Bar. I would recommend you to Anal Vomit, Goat Semen, Hell Trepaner and, of course, my band Disinter.

Yawarx (MIDNIGHT SACRIFICE): I would mention Lima Noise Underground, where bands usually perform, and they organize shows there.

On the other hand, more than bars I would recommend labels like Inti Records, The Horde of Nebulah Records, Austral Holocaust Productions and Black Legion Records. I think that if you are interested in listening to metal from Peru or South America those labels are a good starting point.

Hector Ilizarbe Sulca (HAMADRÍA): We recommend the Crypto Bar. It is a metal bar in Lima. Some other places are C.C. Festival and Yield Rock Bar. They are the main places to listen to Peruvian and international metal and the Peruvian bands that we warmly recommend to all of you are, of course, Hamadría, Armageddon, M.A.S.A.C.R.E, Contracara, Blizzard Hunter, Fallen Symmetry, etc.

Giancarlo Melgar (EARTHWOMB): In Lima we have mythical bars such as Crypto Bar and Nuclear Bar, but new spaces have also been created such as Lima Noise, a place dedicated mainly to extreme music concerts. Definitely in the historic center of the capital we have a wide variety of bars where metal events are held with some regularity and this is also replicated in other districts to a greater or lesser extent. Some national festivals or international events take place in venues such as the C.C. Festiva or C.C. Barranco, Barranco Arena Convention Center, or the Yield Bar.

Dr. Gonzales (NARKAN): If you want to have drinks and more you must go to the Crypto Bar but if you want to see some bands (plus have some drinks), then Lima Noise is definitely your place to go.

Jorge Revoredo (LADRÓN DEL FUEGO): As I mentioned before, I might be outdated, but Jirón Quilca and nearby streets might still be an important head banger gathering spot. It's a small street in downtown Lima. Metal pubs, bars, music and merchandising stores, the usual. One in particular comes to my memory, the Nuclear Bar. Very underground. Live music, no air conditioning, sweat but lots of booze. Did I mention Peruvian metalheads drink a lot? Well, we do.

Downtown Lima is infested with any number of small underground pubs and bars. Lots of them might be of metal preference. But beware, some of those might be "sketchy."

One was legendary. Still is, some might say. It may have lost a little of its dark magic due to some location changes, but still, the Crypto Bar is a must. Its present location is near downtown Lima. I haven't myself been to the new venue yet, but I remember the original location was awesome. Located at the heart of Miraflores touristic district, hidden in a pedestrian passage called Calle de las Pizzas (Pizza Street). Amazing place, headquarters of many, for many years.

A convention center called Festiva has also organized outdoor live metal shows over the recent years. Not a bar, but beer can be found. Kind of a more organized and "clean" place.

Some time has passed since I traveled outside of Lima, but there should still be lots of metal pubs in other cities like Arequipa, Huancayo, Puno, Ayacucho, Trujillo, Cuzco, and many others, mostly on the highlands.

Carlos Sacra (LEGION SACRA): In my city, it is not common to find places or pubs, what you can find are concerts. That is the place where metalheads meet some weekends and there can be at least one concert a month with local bands, some from other cities, or foreign, which is also a great opportunity to get to know more Arequipa metalheads. Here, promoters have to look for venues, rent them and open them up.

The Covenant of Shadows (GHOUL): To be honest, we do not know many places, but here are the ones we do know; Galerias Brasil (where you can buy CDs, vinyl, tape, t-shirts, etc.), Crypto Metal Bar (a place where you can drink listening to metal music), and concerts that happen in the Lima downtown. Those are all the places we know so far. There are more.

Paul "Apollyon Xul" (MEGATHERION): Well, in my city in the last year there appeared a bar that presents different bands of various styles from time to time, metal bands included, so this is the place to visit if you want to hear some of metal music and have some beers or other drinks. Also, we have some promoters who arrange gigs with some bigger names from the rest of Perú, also with some neighboring South American metal bands as well as with local bands, of course.

Omar Leon (BLACK LION): If you like metal music, it is mandatory for you to go to the center of Lima, and to the Plaza San Martin especially. From there you can find many places with concerts and convention centers where metal concerts are held. You will find everything from there you need to have a good time, so keep these tips in your mind when you visit Lima, Peru. ;)

Pedro "El barbas" Vásquez (HELLCROSS): The pandemic hit many locals, especially rockers and metalheads. Currently there are few places, but we can go to the recently revived Crypto, a place that for 20 years has been the central place for metal in Lima. There is also the Yield Bar, where there is metal and rock. There is also Lima Noise, where there are concerts of different types of rock and metal, with a medium CBGB visual wave, and apart from the bars, there are many places where local concerts are held.

Nestor Insano (INTESTINAL LACERATION): You are welcome in Peru brother whenever you like! In the capital there are a few places where metal concerts are usually held and I would recommend Lima Noise Underground, which is a bar dedicated to the underground and where there is a good atmosphere and is where a new scene of extreme music is growing in the capital, and every week there are concerts.

Giovanni Lama (EPILEPSIA): In Lima, the capital, there is only one Metal Pub called Crypto, but Peru is a country with an expansive culture and huge geography that has all climates. Keep in mind there are also cities with very different music. I would recommend that you visit some cities since in each one, metal develops in a very different way. I would tell you to visit cities like Huancayo, Cusco, Arequipa, Ica, Piura, etc. They are in different parts of Peru with different climates and in each city, you will find music that you will not hear in other parts of the world.










































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